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Brain Mapping

brain mapping

Our brain regulates every aspect of our behavior, including how we think, speak and experience our environment. It has been described as our "three-pound universe." For those with closed head injuries, strokes, brain tumors, and other neurological disorders, some areas of the brain may not function properly because of injury to critical brain tissue and connections the brain makes with other parts of the body. Various parts of the brain are shown below. Match those with the four brain lobes to see the functional impact an injury to one of these lobes could cause:

LOBES

FUNCTION

POSSIBLE IMPAIRMENTS

Frontal

Located right under the forehead. Involved in tracking and sense of self. Part of our arousal system, and reactions to environment.

Responsible for executive function and judgment. Allows us emotional response and stability and personality. Handles use of language, word associations and meaning, and memory for motor habits.

Difficulty planning and completing complex tasks in correct order.

Repeating same actions over and over without becoming consciously aware of having done so.

Lack of spontaneity with others.

Easily distracted and more mentally rigid.

Mood swings and changes in behavior.

Difficulty with abstract reasoning and problem solving.

Difficulty finding the right words to say.

Parietal

Located near the back and top of head.

Involved in visual, tactile and touch perception. Allows us to manipulate objects. Allows us to take in new sensory information to understand a new concept.

Difficulty naming objects and writing words.

Cannot attend to more than one object at a time.

Inability to focus visual attention.

Problems with reading, hand/eye coordination.

Difficulty with math, drawing and visual perception.

Not aware of body parts within a surrounding space

Temporal

Located on the side of the head above ears.

Involved with auditory perception, long-term memory, some visual perception, and being able to categorize objects.

Difficulty remembering names and faces.

Difficulty understanding spoken words.

Difficulty with concentration.

Short-term memory loss.

Aggressive behavior.

Change in sexual interest.

Persistent talking.

Seizure disorders.

Inability to categorize objects.

Occipital

Located at the back of the head.

Visual perception.

Visual challenges.

Difficulty recognizing colors.

Hallucinations.

Visual illusions

Inability to recognize words.

Difficulty recognizing drawn objects.